Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 84--88

Evaluation of carotid intima-media thickness in primary hypertensive patients using B-mode ultrasound: Cross- sectional study


Refga Mustafa1, Moawia Gameraddin2, Awadia Gareeballah3 
1 Faculty of Radiological Sciences and Medical Imaging, Alzaiem Alazhari University, Almadinah, Almunawarah, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Diagnostic Radiologic Technology, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Taibah University, Almadinah, Almunawarah, Saudi Arabia
3 Faculty of Radiological Sciences and Medical Imaging, Alzaiem Alazhari University, Almadinah, Almunawarah; Department of Diagnostic Radiologic Technology, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Taibah University, Almadinah, Almunawarah, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Moawia Gameraddin
Department of Diagnostic Radiologic Technology, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Taibah University, Almadinah, Almunawarah
Saudi Arabia

Background: Hypertension (HTN) is one of the most common health problems. Carotid wall changes are one of the most important and mortal complications of HTN; therefore, rapid diagnosis of HTN is essential to avoid vascular issues. Ultrasonography is a vital imaging modality used for the assessment of this vessel wall disorder by determining the carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT). The present study aims to explore the association between HTN and elevation of CIMT. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional of 81 patients with documented essential HTN and 83 healthy controls. HTN was controlled by the administration of drugs. The mean participant's age was 66.09 ± 9.94 years. The CIMT of both the right and left common carotid arteries (CCAs) was measured using the B-mode ultrasound. Results: The CIMT in the CCAs was greater in hypertensive patients than in the controls (P < 0.001). The intima-media thickness of the right and left CCAs increased significantly as the duration of HTN increased (P = 0.023 and 0.031, respectively). Conclusions: HTN is significantly associated with increased CIMT. The CIMT increases with increasing duration of HTN.


How to cite this article:
Mustafa R, Gameraddin M, Gareeballah A. Evaluation of carotid intima-media thickness in primary hypertensive patients using B-mode ultrasound: Cross- sectional study.J Curr Res Sci Med 2020;6:84-88


How to cite this URL:
Mustafa R, Gameraddin M, Gareeballah A. Evaluation of carotid intima-media thickness in primary hypertensive patients using B-mode ultrasound: Cross- sectional study. J Curr Res Sci Med [serial online] 2020 [cited 2021 Apr 21 ];6:84-88
Available from: https://www.jcrsmed.org/article.asp?issn=2455-3069;year=2020;volume=6;issue=2;spage=84;epage=88;aulast=Mustafa;type=0