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CASE REPORT
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 72-74

Anesthetic challenges in a case of hydatid cyst of liver posted for laparoscopic-assisted excision of the cyst


1 Department of Anaesthesiology, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry, India
2 Department of General Surgery, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ramyavel Thangavelu
Department of Anaesthesiology, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Kalathumettupathai, Ganapathichettikulam, Village 20, Kalapet, Puducherry
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jcrsm.jcrsm_73_21

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Hydatid cyst caused by Echinococcus granulosus is a common health problem in developing countries. The rupture of hydatid cyst can cause anaphylactic shock or even death during the surgical treatment. We present a report regarding anaphylactic reaction due to surgery to the liver for a hydatid cyst. Clinical examination and contrast-enhanced computed tomography preoperatively revealed a large hydatid cyst measuring 18 cm × 13 cm × 11 cm with few thin septations in the right lobe causing mass effect and splaying of intrahepatic vessels. Intraoperatively, the patient was successfully managed with antihistamines, steroids, crystalloids, and a small dose of vasopressor. After the surgery, she was transferred from the Intensive care unit to the surgical ward on the first postoperative day. The possibility of anaphylactic reactions should be kept in mind, and close monitoring for early diagnosis and appropriate management of anaphylaxis is essential for a favorable perioperative outcome in the case of hydatid cyst surgery.


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