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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 84-88

Evaluation of carotid intima-media thickness in primary hypertensive patients using B-mode ultrasound: Cross- sectional study


1 Faculty of Radiological Sciences and Medical Imaging, Alzaiem Alazhari University, Almadinah, Almunawarah, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Diagnostic Radiologic Technology, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Taibah University, Almadinah, Almunawarah, Saudi Arabia
3 Faculty of Radiological Sciences and Medical Imaging, Alzaiem Alazhari University, Almadinah, Almunawarah; Department of Diagnostic Radiologic Technology, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Taibah University, Almadinah, Almunawarah, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Moawia Gameraddin
Department of Diagnostic Radiologic Technology, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Taibah University, Almadinah, Almunawarah
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jcrsm.jcrsm_20_20

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Background: Hypertension (HTN) is one of the most common health problems. Carotid wall changes are one of the most important and mortal complications of HTN; therefore, rapid diagnosis of HTN is essential to avoid vascular issues. Ultrasonography is a vital imaging modality used for the assessment of this vessel wall disorder by determining the carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT). The present study aims to explore the association between HTN and elevation of CIMT. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional of 81 patients with documented essential HTN and 83 healthy controls. HTN was controlled by the administration of drugs. The mean participant's age was 66.09 ± 9.94 years. The CIMT of both the right and left common carotid arteries (CCAs) was measured using the B-mode ultrasound. Results: The CIMT in the CCAs was greater in hypertensive patients than in the controls (P < 0.001). The intima-media thickness of the right and left CCAs increased significantly as the duration of HTN increased (P = 0.023 and 0.031, respectively). Conclusions: HTN is significantly associated with increased CIMT. The CIMT increases with increasing duration of HTN.


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