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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 32-35

Multiple site screening to prevent infections in patients admitted to Intensive Care Unit in a tertiary care center


1 Department of Microbiology, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry, India
2 Department of Emergency Medicine, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Reba Kanungo
Department of Microbiology, Puducherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry - 605 014
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Background: The emergence of endogenous flora as a cause of hospital acquired infections in patients admitted in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is of concern. They pose a serious therapeutic challenge, as most of these organisms are multidrug resistant. Methodology: Sterile moist swabs were collected from patients prior to admission to ICU from the anterior nares, throat both axilla and groin. Patients were monitored every day for the full length of their stay for detecting any signs of infection. In case of infection, routine cultures were done and reports were reviewed. The results were correlated with the screening results and analyzed. Results: Of the 100 patients who were screened, 10 patients had clinical infection caused by Acinetobacter baumannii. Among these 10 patients, 7 of them had their antibiotic sensitivity pattern similar to that of colonizers. Conclusion: Screening for multidrug resistant organisms, prior to admission to ICU followed by effective decolonization may prove to be effective to curb the infections caused by these organisms.


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